Sunday, January 31, 2010
Saturday, January 30, 2010
I became a fun of this fruit after trips to tropical countries. Feb. and March are a little early for the season, but we can always try dried ones.
Friday, January 29, 2010
Filipino, or Tagalog, is the one of the two official languages of the Philippines - the other being English - but there are twelve other indigenous languages with over a million speakers, and there are about 150 more languages spoken in the country. (Filipino languages are part of the Austronesian language family, which includes pretty much all of the languages of the Pacific Islands, including Hawaiian.)
And if that weren't enough, Tagalog itself has several regional variants.
On the bright side, Filipino is at least written in the Latin alphabet, so we don't need to learn how to read and write all over again.
If you want to wish us luck in our linguistic pursuits, feel free - it turns out that the traditional Filipino phrase for "good luck" is..."good luck"! That, at least, will be easy to remember.
Thursday, January 28, 2010
According to the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) at Columbia University, El Nino cycles are linked to drought in the Philippines: “Droughts are not generally associated with the Philippines… but during El Nino cycles, much of the country experiences moderate-to-severe dry periods that can last for a season or more. For areas already water strapped, such periods can spell disaster for hundreds of thousands of households as well as individuals whose livelihoods depend on regular precipitation."(2) During an El Nino year, IRI notes, “the water inflows into the Angat reservoir are often significantly decreased [see picture], placing substantial duress on the domestic water supply and irrigation needs of farmers"--leading to tensions between urban dwellers and those who work outside the city limits.(2)
The Angat Reservoir, 2004
Over the weekend, the Philippine Daily Inquirer reported that, “The water level at Angat Dam over a week ago was already at 201 meters, down from the normal level of 210 meters. When the level reaches 150-155 meters, hardly any water can be delivered by May. At the rate Metro Manila consumes water daily—4 million cubic meters—by April-May, it may have a huge water crisis.”(3) Reynaldo G. Geronimo, the reporter for the Inquirer, continues by questioning the government’s response to this pressing but reoccurring issue.(3)
Wednesday, January 27, 2010
The mechanism for determining this song is an internal online survey, which students may use to nominate a song for the course. However, this blog post is intended to encourage readers to submit their own nominations for a piece of music that will motivate and inspire the most profound and incisive analysis and advocacy by our cohort.
Please use the "Comments" section here to submit nominees.
My initial response (and my nomination in the survey) is a song called Filipino Box Spring Hog, from Tom Waits' evocative and deeply felt album "Mule Variations". The song is a desperate and lowdown paean to greasy food and stinky booze, and it has nothing to do whatsoever with the Philippines.
However, after more careful consideration, another song reveals itself to be the only rational choice. This choice is inspired by Thursday's (which it turns out is not actually the future) reported 6.1-magnitude earthquake 141 km east-southest of Pandan. (No damage has been reported, and no tsunami warnings have been issued.)
That song is - quite obviously - Ring of Fire, by Johnny Cash.
What the articles explains lucidly enough for me to understand is the importance of determining the appropriate time to raise borrowing costs in order to capture the intended stimulating benefits of the low rates without creating conditions that would “stir up inflation and create destabilizing asset bubbles.”
Whatever those are.
Monday, January 25, 2010
Saturday, January 23, 2010
Tuesday, January 19, 2010
Monday, January 18, 2010
Sunday, January 17, 2010
Saturday, January 16, 2010
Friday, January 15, 2010
Asian Development Bank. (2008). Development of Poor Urban Communities.(1)
Asian Development Bank. (2007). Philippines: Critical Development Constraints.(">2)
Bagayaua-Mendoza, G. (2008). Global Integrity Scorecard: Philippines.(3)
Bello, W. e. (2004). The Anti-Development State: The Political Economy of Permanent Crisis in the Philippines. Quezon City: University of the Philippines.
Corpuz, O. (1997). An Economic History of the Philippines. Quezon City: University of the Philippines.
Gamalinda, E. Empire of the Memory.
Hedman, E.-L., & Sidel, J. T. (2000). Philippine Politics and Society in the Twentieth Century. London: Routledge.
Iizuka, M., Botman, D., Ree, J. J., & Halikias, I. (2008). Selected Issues, Philippines.(4)
International Monetary Fund. (2008). Staff Report for the 2008 Article IV Consultation, Philippines.(5)
Karnow, S. In Our Image.
Koppel, B., & Kim, D. Y. (Eds.). (1994). Land Policy Problem in East Asia: Toward New Choices. Honolulu: East-West Center.
McCoy, A. (Ed.). An Anarchy of Families.
McCoy, A. Band of Brothers.
Medina, A. T. (1996). Asian Economic Tigers: A Philippine Comparison.
Ong, C. Banyaga.
Political & Economic Risk Consultancy LTD. (2009). Asian Intelligence.
Rizal, J. El Filibusterismo.
Rizal, J. Noli Mi Tangere.
Saulo-Adrano, L. (2009). A General Assessment of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program. Philippine Institute of Development Studies.(6)
Scott, W. H.
Sionil, F. Rosales Saga (books 5, 6 or 7).
Steinberg, D. The Philippines: A Singular and Plural Place.
Stephanson, N. Cryptonicrom.
The Lonely Planet Philippines.
Vos, R., & Yap, J. (1996). The Philippine Economy: East Asia’s Stray Cat? London: Institute of Social Studies.
Werve, J., & Integrity, G. (Eds.). (2008). The Corruption Notebooks.
Wignaraja, G. Foreign Direct Investment, Innovation, and Exports: Firm-Level Evidence from People’s Republic of China, Thailand, and Philippines. Asian Development Bank.(7)
World Bank. (2009). Philippines Quartely Economic Update.(8)
Yang, D., & Martinez, C. Remittances and Poverty in Migrants' Home Areas: Evidence from the Philippines. Working Papers, University of Michigan, Dept of Economics.(9)
Thursday, January 14, 2010
Three Filipino peacekeepers in Haiti are believed trapped following Tuesday’s earthquake, caught when the UN headquarters in Port-au-Prince collapsed. (1)
How many Filipino UN peacekeepers are there? (2)
- Police: 15
- Troops: 157
- Police: 405
- Military Experts on Mission: 23
- Troops: 634
Among countries contributing UN peacekeeping personnel, the Philippines ranks 24th. The United States ranks 72nd (contributing 75 peacekeepers), just ahead of Albania but behind Mali. (3)
Where are Filipino UN peacekeepers deployed? (4)
United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti
Police: 15; Troops: 157
African Union/United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur
United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (Israel-Syria)
United Nations Mission in Liberia
Police: 26; Experts on Mission: 2; Troops: 137
United Nations Mission in the Sudan
Police: 42; Experts on Mission: 11
United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste
Police: 153; Experts on Mission: 3
United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
Experts on Mission: 3
United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire
Experts on Mission: 4; Troops: 3
Although this blog is dedicated to the study of economic development in the Philippines, Tuesday's earthquake in Haiti and the dramatic humanitarian challenge it caused is a reminder of the urgency and complexity of an effective international disaster relief system. Instead of recapitulating one of the New York Times articles on the right in blogg-ier form, let's take a moment to identify the critical needs of Haitians and the opportunities available to contribute to the relief effort:
Partners in Health, with its long and famous history of providing health services in Haiti, is now at the forefront of the logistical challenge of providing disaster services. Contributions to Partners in Health can made here.
Partners in Health is especially in need of doctors, nurses, and medical personnel. From their website:
"As patients flood to our sites from Port-au-Prince, we're finding ourselves in need of both medical personnel and supplies. In particular, we need surgeons (especially trauma/ orthopedic surgeons), ER doctors and nurses, and full surgical teams (including anesthesiologists, scrub and post-op nurses, and nurse anesthetists).
If you are a health professional interested in volunteering, please send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org with information on your credentials, language capabilities (Haitian Creole or French desired), availability and contact information.
Doctors Without Borders is also in Port-au-Prince, struggling to treat hundreds of the injured. Donations can be made at their website.
Also, that "text 'HAITI' to 90999 to donate $10 American Red Cross relief for Haiti" message that you’ve been seeing everywhere for a full day is a savvy use of social networking technology and an innovation in philanthropy that's probably worth studying when the appropriate time comes.
The commentary to this post can serve as the IEDP team's repository of information on the relief effort. Please post any other information about organizations who are working in Port-au-Prince or other opportunities to help provide crucial services to the victims of this disaster.
Wednesday, January 13, 2010
Top Frontier is controlled by several members of the San Miguel board of directors. It is owned by Roberto Ongpin, a former trade minister, and Inigo Zobel, a member of one of the wealthiest families in the Philippines.
Part the motivation for the takeover may be a desire to reduce government influence over the company. The government owns a disputed block of San Miguel stock. It was acquired under the Aquino government, who seized it from Eduardo Conjuangco, Jr. on the grounds that he acquired it with public funds. An anti-graft court has apparently ruled that the government does not have a legitimate claim to the stock, but the Supreme Court has yet to rule on the government's appeal. Conjuangco, chairman and CEO of the San Miguel board, has nevertheless been permitted to vote his former shares.
On January 6, San Miguel Corporation announced that it would acquire a 49% stake of Top Frontier. According to the Philippine Daily Inquirer, this significant minority stake was assumed in order to expand San Miguel's access to bank loans. Under the single borrower's limit (SBL) rule, banks in the Philippines are limited in the amount of lending they can make to a company or its subsidiaries. However, corporate affiliates are exempt from the SBL cap.
San Miguel began operations as a brewer in 1890, during the waning days of Spanish colonization.
Monday, January 11, 2010
656 are from the personnel of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and 415 are officers from the Philippin National Police (PNP).
Majority of the AFP officers and personnel deployed are part of the peacekeeping infantry battalion in Golan Heights, humanitarian troop in Darfur, military observer group in Kashmir, and the stabilization mission in Haiti. The rest are serving as military observers, liaison officers and staff officers in Sudan, Cote d’Ivore, Kashmir and Timor Leste.
The PNP officers are similarly deployed in Darfur, Liberia, Sudan, Timor Leste and Haiti, with a lone officer assigned in Afghanistan.
The Philippines is now in the 23rd position in the list of top troop and police contributing countries, a 40% increase in troop deployments from 2008.
Full article here.